“How strongly must we love to withstand [these] terrible wrongs.”
Attorneys Menaka Guruswamy and Arundhati Katju successfully advocated for the decriminalization of homosexuality in India, resulting in the unanimous Supreme Court decision to repeal the 155-year-old colonial law in 2018. The decision also granted LGBTQ+ Indians the rights and protections of the country’s constitution and served as a critical precedent for other non-Western nations, including Botswana, which, in 2019, cited India’s decision in reversing its own law criminalizing homosexuality.
Guruswamy and Katju are graduates of the National Law School of India University, Bangalore. Guruswamy studied law as a Rhodes Scholar at the University of Oxford, earning a doctorate degree in 2015. After practicing law for 11 years, Katju received an LLM from Columbia University in 2017, where she was a Human Rights Fellow and a James Kent Scholar.